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天津快乐10分网上投注: 優衣庫創始人有意交棒給女性

柳井正認為,女性更適合做優衣庫的首席執行官。

2019年9月3日,優衣庫母公司迅銷集團董事長兼首席執行官柳井正在東京拍攝照片。照片來源:Kentaro Takahashi—Bloomberg via Getty Images

迅銷集團(Fast Retailing Co.)創始人、現年70歲的億萬富翁柳井正說,他更希望由女性接班,這樣做對這家亞洲最大的零售商來說更有益。

“這份工作更適合女性,”服裝巨頭優衣庫背后的首席執行官柳井正在接受采訪時說,“她們堅忍不拔,注重細節,更懂審美?!?/p>

隨著柳井正年齡增長,他越來越多地被問及公司交接的問題。柳井正把公司從父親的裁縫店發展成了一個全球品牌。赤井田真??贍蓯且桓鲅≡?,她于今年被任命負責優衣庫日本業務,這是公司利潤最高的部門。柳井正表示,他希望將女性高管的比例提高到一半以上。迅銷去年實現了管理層女性比例超過30%的目標,目前已經有6名女高管。

上周三,迅銷在東京股市的股價上漲0.9%。

日本企業高層性別多樣性普遍不足,該現象受到密切關注;日本的上市公司中,只有4.1%的高管職位由女性擔任。與美國等其他國家相比,這個數字十分微不足道。多項研究顯示,美國公司高管層女性約占四分之一。

“有這種可能,”當被問及赤井田真希有沒有可能成為繼任者時,柳井正回答道。現年40歲的赤井田真希于2001年加入優衣庫,曾在中國和日本管理過優衣庫門店,還曾在銷售和人力資源部門任職。

海外擴張

迅銷公司通過優衣庫的海外擴張擺脫了國內的低迷,無論是誰接替柳井正,他們接手的都是日本最知名的全球品牌之一。優衣庫通過在中國和美國等海外市場開設新店,實現了收入的持續增長,2018年歲入超過2萬億日元(189億美元)。

在日本人口老齡化和人口減少引發勞動力短缺之際,日本首相安倍晉三致力于提升女性在勞動力人口中的地位。根據國家人口與社會保障研究所(National Institute of Population and Social Security Research)的數據,隨著出生率的下降,到2060年,日本人口將減少近三分之一,屆時65歲及以上的人口占比將達到約40%。

柳井正說:“我們做的是賣衣服的生意,年紀大可不是件好事?!?/p>

投資者在進行股票評估時,更加關注管理層的性別多樣性。管理著3000萬美元項目、總部在舊金山的馬修斯亞洲基金會(Matthews Asia)的分析師凱瑟琳·柯林斯說,消費類公司尤其如此,因為高管和核心目標客戶特征的匹配可能很重要。

匹配目標人群

柯林斯說:“我們希望管理層中有足夠多的人對當地的群體有一定經驗,熟悉這個客戶群體需要什么、想要什么、心愿是什么?!?/p>

柳井正補充道,東南亞地區將成為迅銷業務越來越重要的一部分。該公司表示,將與聯合國下屬的國際勞工組織合作,投資180萬美元,為印尼的工人提供支持。國際勞工組織還將在迅銷擁有代工廠的其他國家開展研究,探索今后該如何提高對工人的社會?;?。

柳井正表示,這樣的投資既有助于實現商業目標,也能為世界做出貢獻,因為如果發展中國家人口能夠向更高階層流動,最終可能有助于提振迅銷的營收。

“如果我們發展業務的地方收入不漲,衣服就賣不出去,”他說。(財富中文網)

譯者:Agatha

Tadashi Yanai, Fast Retailing Co.’s 70-year-old billionaire founder, said he would prefer to be succeeded by a woman, which would be better for Asia’s largest retailer.

“The job is more suitable for a woman,” Yanai, the chief executive officer behind clothing giant Uniqlo, said in an interview. “They are persevering, detailed oriented and have an aesthetic sense.”

As Yanai gets older, he’s been asked more frequently about succession at the company, which he built from his father’s tailor shop into a global brand. A possible candidate could be Maki Akaida, who was appointed this year to run Uniqlo’s Japan operations — the company’s most profitable unit. Yanai said he wants to increase the ratio of female senior executives to more than half the total. Fast Retailing currently has six women in such roles, after hitting its goal last year of having more than 30% of women in management positions.

Fast Retailing shares climbed 0.9% in Tokyo trading on Wednesday.

Japan has faced scrutiny over its lack of gender diversity in top management roles; only 4.1% of executive titles at publicly traded firms in the country are held by women. That pales in comparison with places such as the U.S., where women make up about a quarter of executive ranks, according to multiple studies.

“It’s a possibility,” Yanai said when asked whether Akaida would be a potential successor. Akaida, 40, joined the company in 2001 and has managed Uniqlo stores in China and Japan, as well as working in the sales and human resources divisions.

Expanding Overseas

Any successor to Yanai would inherit one of Japan’s more recognizable global brands, after Fast Retailing fought off domestic doldrums by expanding Uniqlo overseas. Revenue has grown consistently, surpassing 2 trillion yen ($18.9 billion) in 2018, mainly through new stores in foreign markets from China to the U.S.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has sought to promote women in the work force amid a labor shortage triggered by Japan’s aging and shrinking population. With a declining birthrate, the number of people will slump by almost a third by 2060, by which time about 40% will be 65 or over, according to the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research.

“We’re in the business of selling clothes — it’s not so good that we’re old,” Yanai said.

Investors are looking at gender diversity in management ranks to evaluate their holdings. That’s especially true for consumer companies where it may be important to have executives who are similar to and match the core customer profile, said Kathlyn Collins, analyst at Matthews Asia, a San Francisco-based fund with about $30 billion under management.

Demographic Match

“We would hope that there would be enough people who are overseeing management who have some sort of experience with that demographic, who maybe are familiar with the needs, wants, desires of that customer,” Collins said.

The Southeast Asian region will become an increasingly important part of Fast Retailing’s business, Yanai added. The company said it would invest $1.8 million in a partnership with the International Labour Organization, an arm of the United Nations, to help support factory workers in Indonesia. The ILO will also conduct a study in other countries where Fast Retailing has contract factories to explore ways to improve social protections for workers in the future.

Yanai said such investments are a way to both help pursue business goals and contribute to the world, as upward mobility in developing countries would likely eventually boost Fast Retailing’s top line.

“If we expand in a place where incomes are not growing, we cannot sell clothes,” the CEO said.

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