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天津快乐10分走势图一定牛: 經濟衰退來襲,你的工作安全么?

天津快乐10分预测 www.mkjab.com Annie Fisher 2019年11月18日

沒有工作能夠完全抵御經濟衰退影響,但有一些領域和職能相對安全。

由于資本主義存在周期性缺陷,問題不是經濟衰退會不會來,而是何時到來。目前,失業率很低,消費者也在消費。兩大強力信號都表明下一次經濟衰退可能比2008年溫和。2008年的衰退持續了大約18個月,導致260萬美國工人失業。

雖然很不幸的是沒有工作能夠完全抵御經濟衰退影響,但即使在2008年也有一些領域和職能相對安全,下一次衰退中表現應該也不會差。

職業網站 Glassdoor的首席經濟學家安德魯·張伯倫表示:“從歷史上看,有些行業和職業與商業周期波動的關聯度較低?!憊?,醫療衛生、教育和公用事業領域的工作在經濟衰退周期中并未出現太多失業?!憊せ嶂拔緩駝裨痹諞歡ǔ潭壬弦材芄槐苊饈苷挪壯浦熬貌ǘ!鋇撓跋?。

為找出哪些工作最有機會平穩度過下一次經濟衰退,最近Glassdoor對其數據庫進行了深入研究。然而類似工作職位并不容易得到,因為通常需要專門的培訓和從業許可。

以下是研究人員列出10種比較能夠抵御經濟衰退的工作(排名不分先后),以及具體原因:

1. 教師

公立學校的教師通常是工會成員,所以辭退很難。除此之外,報告還指出,無論經濟形勢如何,“孩子總要上學?!?/p>

2. 醫師助理

這是很難進入的領域。從業需要學士學位再加上兩年Glassdoor稱之為“相當于精簡版醫學院”教育,通常接下來是類似醫學住院醫師的實踐培訓,才能夠取得所在州的從業執照。但是,即使在經濟不景氣的時候,人們仍然需要醫療衛生服務。此外,該研究指出,“醫師助理工作地點靈活,必要時調整從業地區很容易?!?/p>

3. 教授

通常需要有博士學位,還要有教學和研究經驗。但研究稱,獲聘終身教授(通常要等待漫長的時間而且很困難)就如同“拿到頭號鐵飯碗”。該研究補充稱,由于終身教授職位實際上等于終身雇傭,堪稱“學術界最令人羨慕的成就之一”。

4. 會計師或審計師

無論經濟形勢如何,會計師總是需要的,尤其是在納稅季。審計師可能更加安全,因為無論經濟是否衰退,根據法律要求上市公司都要進行審計。兩個職位都需要會計、財務或商業方面的學士學位,還要通過注冊會計師(CPA)培訓并獲得會計師執照。至于審計師,雇主通常更喜歡研究生學位,在某些情況下還需要某個專業領域的審計證書。

5. 護士

與醫師助理類似,任何經濟條件下都需要護士?;な啃枰僥昊蛩哪甑幕だ硌?,通過考試后獲得州政府頒發的執照。研究表明,隨著人口逐漸老齡化,不管怎樣對護士的需求都可能保持高位。

6. 公用事業員工

研究指出:“在每一個基本的現代便利設施背后,都有人在努力工作并維護運行?!貝擁纜費さ嚼聳?,再到確保路燈正常照明,皆是如此。大多數公用事業公司的員工接受過高中或美國高中同等學歷(GED)教育,也要擁有該領域的技術經驗和“體力”。

7. 保險精算師

該研究稱,精算師的工作包括幫助企業做出風險最低的決策,包括收縮甚至關停哪些業務等,因此經濟低迷時“精算師可能是最受歡迎的雇員”。這份工作要求至少擁有金融相關領域的學士學位,擁有精算科學的研究生學位是“重要的加分項”。

8. 助教

Glassdoor 說,助教和教師一樣“屬于教育范疇,經濟衰退期間可以獲得安全的空間”。助教至少需要副學士學位,還需要其他從業許可和證書,各州要求各有不同。

9. 護士助理

要獲得護士護理資格,需要在社區大學或職業學校完成培訓項目后取得護理證書。與其他大多數領域相比,幾乎所有獲得醫療衛生資格的工作都更能抵御經濟衰退的影響,而且護士助理可以在各種環境中工作,比如醫院、療養院和家庭護理。因此如果需要,找一份新工作相對容易。

10. 殯儀員

當然,這份工作并不適合所有人。要求獲得兩年制殯葬學學位,然后是州執照考試。研究稱,“經濟衰退并不能阻止人們死亡”?!吧鈧心芄輝げ獾氖慮楹萇?,唯有死亡是每個人永恒的歸宿?!北繞鵠淳貌瘓捌婷皇裁創蟛渙?。 (財富中文網)

譯者:Charlie

審校:夏林

Since one drawback of capitalism is that it’s cyclical, the question isn’t whether or not an economic downturn is coming —it’s when. At the moment, unemployment is low and consumers are spending. Both are strong signs that the next recession may be milder than the one that kicked off in 2008, lasted about 18 months, and tossed 2.6 million American workers out of their jobs.

While there’s unfortunately no such animal as a 100% recession-proof job, a few fields and functions were relatively safe even in 2008, and they’re likely to stay like that next time around, too.

“Historically, there are industries and occupations that have been less correlated to business-cycle fluctuations than others,” says Andrew Chamberlain, chief economist at career site Glassdoor. “In the past, jobs in health care, education, and utilities have not suffered as many job losses during a down cycle.” Also somewhat shielded from what Chamberlain calls “the slings and arrows of economic variation” are union jobs and positions in government.

Glassdoor recently took a deep dive into its database to find out which jobs are most likely to weather the next recession relatively unscathed. Alas, these gigs aren’t easy to get, since specialized training and licensing is usually required.

The researchers came up with a list of ten, in no particular order, and what gives them a good chance of outlasting a downturn:

1. Teacher

Public-school teachers are often union members, which makes their positions harder to cut. Beyond that, no matter what the economy gets up to, the report points out, “children still need to go to school.”

2. Physician assistant

This is a tough field to enter. You need a bachelor’s degree plus two more years of schooling that Glassdoor describes as “comparable to an abbreviated medical school,” often followed by hands-on training similar to a medical residency, and then a license from your state. But, even in a troubled economy, people still need medical care. What’s more, the study notes, “working as a physician assistant can offer flexibility in location, making it easier to switch practices if necessary.”

3. Professor

You usually need a doctorate, along with teaching and research experience. But tenure —a status that is often long and tricky to achieve— is like “hitting the job security jackpot,” the study says, adding that because it’s practically synonymous with lifetime employment, tenure is “one of the most enviable achievements in academia.”

4. Accountant or auditor

Regardless of the economic climate, accountants will always be needed, especially during tax season. Auditors are perhaps even safer, since audits are required by law for any publicly traded company, recession or not. Both roles call for a bachelor’s degree in accounting, finance, or business, followed by Certified Public Accounting (CPA) training and licensure for accountants. For auditors, employers usually prefer a graduate degree and, in some cases, a certification for auditing in a specialized area.

5. Nurse

Similar to physician assistants, nurses are needed in any economic weather, with either a two -year or four-year nursing degree and a license from the state after passing an exam. Particularly as the population ages, the study says, demand for nurses is likely to remain high no matter what.

6. Utility worker

“Behind every basic modern convenience is someone working behind the scenes to make it happen and keep it running,” the study notes —from maintaining roads to hauling trash to making sure the lights stay on. Most utility employees have a high school (or GED) education, plus technical experience in the field, and “physical stamina.”

7. Actuary

Because their job involves helping businesses to make decisions that minimize risk, including which areas of a company to cut back or shut down altogether, “actuaries can be some of the most attractive people to employ” during a downturn, the study says. The job calls for at least a bachelor’s degree in a finance-related field, with a graduate degree in actuarial science “a significant plus.”

8. Teacher’s aide

Like teachers, aides “fall under the umbrella of education, which can earn them a safe space during a recession,” Glassdoor says. Teacher’s aides need at least an associate’s degree, with additional licensing and certifications that vary by state.

9. Nurses’ aides

To qualify, you’d need a certificate in nursing, after completing a program at a community college or vocational school. Not only is almost any credentialed job in healthcare more recession-proof than most other fields, but nurses’ aides can work in a variety of different settings —such as hospitals, nursing homes, and home care— so that finding a new job, if need be, is relatively easy.

10. Funeral director

Granted, this one is not for everybody. The role calls for a two-year degree in funeral studies, followed by state licensing exams. But “recessions don’t stop people from dying,” says the study. “There are very few things you can predict in life, but death is the one constant everyone can count on.” Talk about being recession-proof.

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